History of Tea in Assam
Assam is in close one of the most biodiversity rich regions with close to 507 million kg production of tea,
making it the world’s largest tea growing region. Tea here was first discovered by a Scottish adventurer
named Robert Bruce in 1823 near Rangpur. He noticed a tea like plant in the wild and later approached
the local chief of the singpho tribe men who showed Bruce how they used the leaves of that plant to
brew tea. Robert convinced the chief to give him a few leaves of the plant with the seed for
examination, sadly he passed away before the plant was classified. It was Charles, Robert's brother who
sent the leaves to a botanical garden in Calcutta in the early 1830s. It was not confirmed as tea leaves in
the first time. However, when Charles sent it again the plant was examined and then classified as a
variety of tea and named Camellia sinensis var, Assamica. Thus began the cultivation and production of
the Assam tea.
Daily Assam Black tea, Classic Assam Summer Black Tea, Exotic Assam Premium CTC Chai Tea, Assam
first flush, Assam second flush
Types of teas in Assam
Assam is known for producing both orthodox and CTC varieties of tea. The teas produced here are
simply called Assam Tea. However, only the teas grown in the estates from Brahmaputra Valley are
qualified to called Assam teas.
The teas from here can be characterised as brisk, strong, malty flavoured. The popular English Breakfast
Tea is made using tea belonging to this region. The popular tea estates from this region are Koilamari,
Gingia, Manjulighur, among a few others.
Seasons of tea cultivation
Assam has 2 harvest seasons a year; the first flush that starts in March and goes up until late May and
the second flush in June when the famous "tippy" tea is produced. The Tippy tea is a more superior
variety of tea as it has a fuller body and a sweeter flavour.
Assam tea estates produce both orthodox tea and the Assam CTC (Crush, Tear, Curl) tea variety. In
addition to this, Assam is also known for producing the Assam green tea and oolong tea. Tea suppliers in
Assam have tea grades that include the whole leaf, broken leaf, fannings, and dust tea grades.
Tea Estates in Assam
Halmari tea estate, Deha tea estate, Chota tangari tea estate, Harmutty tea estate, Singlijan tea estate,
Mangalam tea estate, Doomni Tea Estate, Coombergram tea estate
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